Energy Efficiency Developments and Potential Energy Savings in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Publication | July 2015

Greater gains in energy savings are possible from improved energy efficiency and conservation measures, both as a smart business investment, and an imperative for the global community.

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Prepared in collaboration with the governments of Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam, this report was published with the objective of helping accelerate the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). Energy efficiency targets and developments for Cambodia, the Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam are reported in this publication.

Substantial energy efficiency savings are forseen over the next 15 to 20 years for GMS countries, with overall energy efficiency savings amounting to almost 60 million tons of oil equivalent annually by 2030. Most GMS governments have established plans for reaching these targets and have implemented policy, regulatory, and program measures to lower energy intensity and achieve energy efficiency. GMS countries project that their energy needs will double or triple over the next 15 years and greater energy efficiency offers a win–win public–private sector partnership for reducing unsustainable reliance on high-carbon (coal and oil) fuels.

About this report:

This report was produced as part of a study conducted under the ADB technical assistance project Promoting Renewable Energy, Clean Fuels, and Energy Efficiency in the Greater Mekong Subregion (TA 7679). The project was cofinanced by the Asian Clean Energy Fund and the Multi-Donor Clean Energy Fund under the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility of ADB.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Energy Efficiency Defined
  • Energy Efficiency Indicators
  • Types of Energy Efficiency Potential
  • Estimation of Energy Efficiency Potential
  • Energy Efficiency Potential in the Greater Mekong Subregion
  • Energy Efficiency Development in Cambodia
  • Energy Efficiency Development in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  • Energy Efficiency Development in Myanmar
  • Energy Efficiency Development in Thailand
  • Energy Efficiency Development in Viet Nam
  • Conclusions: Collective Energy Efficiency Savings Potential in the GMS and Scope for Regional Development

Additional Details

  • Environment
  • Eco-efficiency
  • Energy
  • Clean energy
  • Regional cooperation and integration
  • Cambodia
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Viet Nam
  • 104
  • 8.5 x 11
  • RPT146840-2
  • 978-92-9254-829-2 (Print)
  • 978-92-9254-830-8 (e-ISBN)

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