Energy Security, Food Security, and Economics of Sugarcane Bioethanol in India
This paper examines the economic feasibility of sugarcane bioethanol in India while considering food security as a competing policy priority.
India's ambitions on enhancing energy security through bioethanol largely rely on second-generation technologies. Using a cost-benefit analysis, this paper show that sugarcane bioethanol is not economically viable and competes with agricultural resources. Molasses ethanol can support up to 5% blending while improving social welfare.
- Biofuel Policy and the Bioethanol Program
- Natural Resources and Technological Constraints
- Cost-Benefit Analysis
- Second-Generation Biofuels
- Concluding Remarks