Financing Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Asia and the Pacific: Credit Guarantee Schemes

Publication | March 2022

This publication explores how credit guarantee schemes can help small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to access finance. It highlights lessons from case studies across the world.

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SMEs are widely regarded as the backbone of economies, yet they face many challenges in accessing finance to fuel their growth. This publication examines SMEs’ access to finance and the impact of credit guarantee schemes. It provides insights on the legal and regulatory setup of such schemes, corporate governance, services offered, risk management, and monitoring.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Contours of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise Financing
  • Economic Critique of Barriers of Access to Finance
  • Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise Financing and Challenges in Asia and Pacific Countries
  • Limited Presence of Nonbanking Avenues of Finance
  • Challenges Faced due to Gaps in Credit Infrastructure
  • Specialized Institutions
  • Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes
  • ADB Support to Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise Finance
  • Credit Guarantee Schemes—Examination and Country Case Studies
  • Credit Guarantee Scheme Effects on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
  • The Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Past Crises
  • Credit Guarantee Scheme Response to the COVID-19 Crisis
  • Lessons and Outlook
  • Conclusion and Recommendations
  • Appendix

Additional Details

  • Finance sector development
  • Small and medium enterprise (SME) financing
  • Private sector development
  • 106
  • 8.5 x 11
  • TCS220030-2
  • 978-92-9269-358-9 (print)
  • 978-92-9269-359-6 (electronic)
  • 978-92-9269-360-2 (ebook)

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