Five Lessons for Shaping Policies and Programs to Accelerate Urban Sanitation in Asia: A Case Study on the Beijing Gaobeidian Wastewater Treatment Plant

Publication | September 2021

In Asia, where rapid urbanization is occurring, inadequate water and sanitation services are a problem due to insufficient investment.

Asia’s urbanization rate has risen from 32.8% in 1991 to 51.1% in 2020, and more than half of the world’s urban population already lives in Asia.

Key Points
  • The Beijing Gaobeidian Wastewater Treatment Plant (Phase I) in the People’s Republic of China, financed by a Japanese official development assistance loan, offers lessons for shaping policies and programs to accelerate urban sanitation in Asia.
  • Making effective use of long-term foreign loans and technical cooperation filled gaps in finance, technology, and experience.
  • Developing future leadership through project implementation while effectively utilizing training was crucial for sustainable development of the sanitation sector.
  • Introducing and gradually increasing wastewater tariffs in line with institutional reforms expanded investment in sanitation.
  • Embodying the policies and plans of the central government at the local level accelerated urban sanitation.

Additional Details

  • Urban development
  • Water
  • China, People's Republic of
  • 2411-6734