Gender Equality and the Labor Market: Women, Work, and Migration in the People’s Republic of China | Asian Development Bank

Gender Equality and the Labor Market: Women, Work, and Migration in the People’s Republic of China

Publication | August 2017
Gender Equality and the Labor Market: Women, Work, and Migration in the People’s Republic of China

This study looks at the implications of the transition to a new growth model in the People's Republic of China for women in terms of gender equality and the labor market.

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has made advances in narrowing gender gaps in its labor market. It has one of the highest female labor force participation rates in Asia and the Pacific at around 64% in 2013, and one of the narrowest earnings gender gaps. This study investigates how women are faring in the transition to the PRC’s new growth model, and what can be done to promote women’s participation. It shows how the PRC is undergoing multiple transitions that have implications for gender equality and work. For example, during the market transition, gender wage gaps and gender wage discrimination increased, reaching 33% in urban areas and 44% in rural areas. Find out how evidenced-based gender analysis can foster gender responsive policy approaches to promote women’s equality in the labor market.

Contents 

  • Introduction
  • The People’s Republic of China Context: A Gendered Society
  • The Market Transition
  • The Structural Transition
  • The Growth Transition
  • The Demographic Transition
  • Summary and Policy Recommendations