General Senior Secondary Education Financing in Indonesia

Publication | September 2013

Having achieved significant increases in access to primary and junior high school education, the Government of Indonesia’s next priority is to increase access to Senior Secondary School education on an equitable basis.

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This report examines the policy options and financial implications of the expansion of senior secondary education in Indonesia. The current funding of government senior secondary education is complex and varies throughout the country. It involves different levels of government providing financial support for infrastructure, salaries, and operational costs. This report has been prepared with grant support provided by Australian Aid and the European Union through the Education Sector Analytical and Capacity Development Partnership (ACDP).

About ACDP

The Government of Indonesia (represented by the Ministry of Education and Culture, the Ministry of Religious Affairs and the Ministry of National Development Planning/ BAPPENAS), the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), the European Union (EU) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) have established ACDP as a facility to promote policy dialogue and institutional and organizational reform of the education sector to underpin policy implementation and help reduce disparities in provincial and district education performance.


  • Abbreviations
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Educational Service Costs 
  • Service Standards and Financing Implications
  • Initiatives to Increase Senior Secondary School Participation
  • Policy Options for Expansion of Senior Secondary Education
  • Appendix A. Study Research Methodology
  • Appendix B. School and Household Survey Instruments
  • Photo Credit

Additional Details

  • Education
  • Secondary Education
  • Indonesia

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