Healthy and Age-Friendly Cities in the People's Republic of China: Proposal for Health Impact Assessment and Healthy and Age-Friendly City Action and Management Planning
This report discusses framework for a four-generation urban society in the People’s Republic of China to create positive health outcomes and improve urban livability, services, and public spaces for the elderly.
Rapid urbanization and aging in many countries including the People’s Republic of China, along with lessons learned from the coronavirus disease pandemic, emphasize the urgent need to make cities healthier and more accessible for the elderly. Integrated with urban planning, health impact assessments as well as healthy and age-friendly city action and management plans can be holistic practical tools to achieve cleaner, healthier, and safer cities that are more pleasant and competitive for business and economic development.
- Executive Summary
- Health and Aging as Opportunities in an Urbanizing Four-Generation World
- “Healthy Cities,” “Age-Friendly Cities,” and “Child-Friendly Cities” Concepts and Programs
- Healthy China 2030 Program
- Framework and Principles for Health Impact Assessment and for Healthy and Age-Friendly City Action and Management Planning
- Health Impact Assessment and Healthy and Age-Friendly City Action and Management Plan Framework—Existing Urban Areas
- Health Impact Assessment and Healthy and Age-Friendly City Action and Management Plan Framework—New Urban Master Plans and Projects
- Health Risk Assessment Tool
- Two Cases of ADB-Financed Projects Applying Health Impact Assessment and a Healthy and Age-Friendly City Action and Management Plan
- Conclusion and Outlook
- Appendix: Urban Planning and Design Matrices Creating Health-, Age-, and Child-Friendly Benefits