Inclusive Business in the Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation

Publication | June 2018

This report illustrates the current state of inclusive business models in the Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies.

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APEC, as a regional organization of economies in the Americas and in Asia, is well suited to promote inclusive business (IB) as a new approach to make economic growth more sustainable and more inclusive. While agreements in APEC are mainly related to trade, the governments’ agenda in the region for a more inclusive economic development widen the discussions among APEC economies to promote consensus on new strategic economic topics. IB and investing to create impact on people and the environment is one such new and emerging topic.

The publication discusses the market potentials, constraints, and necessary policy instruments for an enabling environment for inclusive business. A profile of inclusive business initiatives, the overview of the base of the pyramid market size, and the inclusive business ecosystem in each APEC economy as well as a recommended a framework to guide future work on inclusive business under the APEC regional economic cooperation agenda are also included in this report.


  • Tables and Figures
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Executive Summary
  • Context and Rationale for this Study
  • Defining Inclusive Business
  • The Market at the Base-of-the-Pyramid in Emerging Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation Economies
  • Inclusive Business in Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation Economies
  • Relevance of Inclusive Business to Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation Groups
  • Key Messages and Recommendations for Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation to Promote Inclusive Business as Part of its Inclusive Growth Agenda
  • Appendix

Additional Details

  • Finance sector development
  • Financial inclusion and microfinance
  • Industry and trade
  • Regional cooperation and integration
  • 136
  • 8.5 x 11
  • TCS189306-2
  • 978-92-9261-172-9 (print)
  • 978-92-9261-173-6 (electronic)

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