Inclusive Growth in the People’s Republic of China: A Deep Look at Men and Women’s Work Amid Demographic, Technological, and Structural Transformations
Publication | December 2019
This paper explores the impacts of demographic, technological, and structural transformations on the work of men and women in the People’s Republic of China.
Three types of gender-based constraints that hamper inclusive growth are identified: gender gaps in educational attainment; gender stereotypes affecting employment decisions; and competing demands of work and family, especially on women. The paper recommends (i) investing in rural women with a targeted approach, (ii) developing elderly care services, (iii) tackling gender stereotyping and segregation in occupations, (iv) increasing public spending on early childhood education and care, and (v) considering pension reform.
- Critical Shifts Shaping the People's Republic of China in the Last Decades
- Gender and Demographic, Technological, and Structural Transformations
- Trends in Men and Women's Labor Market Outcome
- Gendered Pattern of Time Use
- Policy Responses from Selected Countries
- Concluding Remarks and Policy Implications
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