Inclusive Growth in the People’s Republic of China: A Deep Look at Men and Women’s Work Amid Demographic, Technological, and Structural Transformations

Publication | December 2019

This paper explores the impacts of demographic, technological, and structural transformations on the work of men and women in the People’s Republic of China.

Three types of gender-based constraints that hamper inclusive growth are identified: gender gaps in educational attainment; gender stereotypes affecting employment decisions; and competing demands of work and family, especially on women. The paper recommends (i) investing in rural women with a targeted approach, (ii) developing elderly care services, (iii) tackling gender stereotyping and segregation in occupations, (iv) increasing public spending on early childhood education and care, and (v) considering pension reform.

Contents 

  • Introduction
  • Critical Shifts Shaping the People's Republic of China in the Last Decades
  • Gender and Demographic, Technological, and Structural Transformations
  • Trends in Men and Women's Labor Market Outcome
  • Gendered Pattern of Time Use
  • Policy Responses from Selected Countries
  • Concluding Remarks and Policy Implications

Additional Details

Authors
Type
Series
Subjects
  • Education
  • Gender
  • Poverty
  • Inclusive growth
  • Social development and protection
  • Social protection - labor and employment
Countries
  • China, People's Republic of
Pages
  • 48
Dimensions
  • 8.5 x 11
SKU
  • WPS190615-2

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