Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
From 1980 to 2010, Asia added more than a billion people to its cities with a further billion expected by 2040. Already, the three most densely populated cities in the world (Mumbai, Kolkata, and Karachi) are in Asia.
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This publication presents the latest key statistics on development issues concerning the economies of Asia and the Pacific to a wide audience, including policy makers, development practitioners, government officials, researchers, students, and the general public. Part I of this issue of the Key Indicators is a special chapter—Green Urbanization in Asia. Parts II and III comprise of brief, non-technical analyses and statistical tables on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and seven other themes. This year, the second edition of the Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators, a special supplement to Key Indicators is also included.
The statistical tables in this issue of the Key Indicators may also be downloaded in MS Excel format from this website or in user-specified format at SDBS Online.
Part I – Special Chapter: Green Urbanization in Asia
The special chapter on “Green Urbanization in Asia” tackles two growing concerns—environmental sustainability and rapid urbanization. Asia is home to almost half of the global urban population and is urbanizing at a pace faster than any other region, resulting in an unprecedented growth in urban residents and increased number of densely populated megacities. Consequently, the region will be confronted with even greater environmental challenges that are already serious, including air pollution, congestion, CO2 emission, deprivation in water and basic sanitation, and growing vulnerability to natural disasters. But with urbanization comes the rise of the middle-class and property owners, the development of the service sector, declining fertility and increased educational attainment, and more importantly, innovations in green technology. These urbanization-related forces and mechanism are important for attaining a win-win scenario of environmental improvement and economic growth. Through establishing and exploring the environment-urbanization nexus in Asia, the chapter offers a cautiously optimistic environmental prospect for Asia as the region urbanizes. The chapter also provides suggestions for government intervention to ensure a green urbanization path in the region.
Part II – Millennium Development Goals
|Introduction to the Millennium Development Goals|
|Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger||XLS|
|Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education||XLS|
|Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women||XLS|
|Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality||XLS|
|Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health||XLS|
|Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases||XLS|
|Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability||XLS|
|Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development||XLS|
Part III – Regional Trends and Tables
|Introduction to the Regional Trends and Tables|
|Economy and Output||XLS|
|Money, Finance, and Prices||XLS|
|Transport, Electricity, and Communications||XLS|
|Energy and Environment||XLS|
|Government and Governance||XLS|
Statistics by Economy
|China, People's Republic of||XLS|
|Hong Kong, China||XLS|
|Korea, Republic of||XLS|
|Lao People's Democratic Republic||XLS|
|Micronesia, Federated States of||XLS|
|Papua New Guinea||XLS|
Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators
The Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators 2012 (FIGI 2012) is the follow-up edition to FIGI 2011, which proposed a set of 35 indicators as measures of income and non-income outcomes of inclusive growth; the processes and inputs that are important to improve access to opportunities, social inclusion, social safety nets; and good governance and institutions.
Part 1 provides a comparative analysis of the state of inclusive growth in developing Asia and in the other developing regions of the world – Latin America and the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa – based on the FIGI indicators. It also examines the correlations between indicators of poverty and inequality outcomes, on the one hand, and indicators for processes, inputs, and good governance and institutions; on the other; and draws policy implications from the results. Part II contains updated statistical tables for the 35 FIGI indicators for the economies of developing Asia.