Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013

Publication | August 2013

The Asia and Pacific region accounts for over half of the global population, more than one-third of global GDP and about a third of world exports. Two years before the MDG deadline in 2015, the region continues to make progress.

  • US$75.00 (Main Report)
  • US$27.25 (Special Chapter: Asia’s Economic Transformation: Where to, How, and How Fast?)

This publication aims to present the latest key statistics on development issues concerning the economies of Asia and the Pacific to a wide audience, including policy makers, development practitioners, government officials, researchers, students, and the general public. Part I of this issue of the Key Indicators is a special chapter - "Asia's Economic Transformation: Where to, How, and How Fast?". Parts II and III comprise of brief, non-technical analyses and statistical tables on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and seven other themes. This year, the 2013 edition of the Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators, a special supplement to Key Indicators is also included.

The statistical tables in this issue of the Key Indicators may also be downloaded in MS Excel format from this website or in user-specified format at SDBS Online. The statistical tables are complemented by a visualization tool that is intended to provide users with an alternative way to look at some of the development issues concerning the economies of Asia and the Pacific.


Several priorities merit consideration for Asia's continuing transformation:

  • Developing Asia needs to make a significant qualitative leap in structural transformation and to focus on transferring labor from sectors of low productivity (typically agriculture) into sectors of high productivity;
  • But future transformation will most likely not resemble in pace and direction that was seen in Japan and the newly industrialized economies during the second half of the 20th century, as the overall economic environment is very different today. The rest of developing Asia may not be likely to transform as quickly as this group;
  • Policymakers ought to focus on facilitating firms and workforces to develop the capabilities they need to manufacture new products, to enter new markets, and to move up the development ladder (i.e., to make and provide increasingly sophisticated and complex products and services);
  • Developments in agriculture will be key for Asia's future, in particular for the low-income economies. Agriculture has to "industrialize" (i.e., develop agribusiness and adopt modern methods) for the sector to achieve productivity levels similar to those in the economy as a whole; and
  • History suggests that manufacturing is important and that industrialization has been nearly essential for an economy to achieve high income levels.


Part I – Special Chapter: Asia’s Economic Transformation: Where to, How, and How Fast?    

The special chapter on "Asia’s Economic Transformation: Where to, How, and How Fast?" analyzes the direction and pace of Asia’s transformation during recent decades and sketches the main contours of economic transformation that can be expected in coming decades. It highlights facts and insights that are important for developing Asia to consider in moving ahead: (i) agriculture needs to be modernized by deploying infrastructure, introducing technological improvements, developing agribusiness, and increasing linkages to global value chains; (ii) industrialization is a step that, in general, is difficult to bypass on the path to becoming a high-income economy; (iii) the service sector is already the largest source of employment and this trend will continue; (iv) basic education of high quality matters for industrial upgrading and, in general, for the development of new industries that can compete internationally; and (v) although it is important for economies to exploit their comparative advantages, some form of government intervention may be necessary and unavoidable to expedite economic transformation.

Part II – Millennium Development Goals

Part II contains the MDG indicators and short commentaries on progress toward achieving the specified targets. Two years before the MDG deadline in 2015, the region continues to make progress toward achieving the MDGs, although unevenly across the goals and economies. While most of the region has achieved significant progress in reducing poverty, improving access to universal primary education, and promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment, the progress in reducing child mortality and malnourishment and improving maternal health will probably not suffice to meet the 2015 targets.

Introduction to the Millennium Development Goals    
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger   XLS
Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education   XLS
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women    XLS
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality    XLS
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health    XLS
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases    XLS
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability    XLS
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development    XLS

Part III – Regional Trends and Tables

Regional Tables in Part III present indicators in seven themes: People; Economy and Output; Money, Finance, and Prices; Globalization; Transport, Electricity, and Communications; Energy and Environment; and Government and Governance. Although economic growth in the region was subdued in 2012, the message all the regional tables reinforce is that of Asia’s growing importance in the world. The Asia and Pacific region now accounts for over half of the global population, more than one-third of global GDP (in purchasing power parity terms), and about a third of world exports. However, this growing importance brings with it growing concerns. The region now consumes two-fifths of world energy, continues to increase its emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, and faces increasing traffic congestion and rising consumption of scarce resources.

Introduction to the Regional Trends and Tables     
People    XLS
Economy and Output    XLS
Money, Finance, and Prices    XLS
Globalization    XLS
Transport, Electricity, and Communications    XLS
Energy and Environment   XLS
Government and Governance   XLS

Statistics by Economy

Afghanistan    XLS
Armenia    XLS
Australia    XLS
Azerbaijan    XLS
Bangladesh    XLS
Bhutan    XLS
Brunei Darussalam    XLS
Cambodia    XLS
China, People's Republic of    XLS
Cook Islands    XLS
Fiji   XLS
Georgia    XLS
Hong Kong, China    XLS
India    XLS
Indonesia    XLS
Japan    XLS
Kazakhstan    XLS
Kiribati    XLS
Korea, Republic of    XLS
Kyrgyz Republic    XLS
Lao People's Democratic Republic    XLS
Malaysia    XLS
Maldives    XLS
Marshall Islands    XLS
Micronesia, Federated States of    XLS
Mongolia    XLS
Myanmar    XLS
Nauru    XLS
Nepal    XLS
New Zealand    XLS
Pakistan    XLS
Palau    XLS
Papua New Guinea    XLS
Philippines    XLS
Samoa    XLS
Singapore    XLS
Solomon Islands    XLS
Sri Lanka    XLS
Taipei,China    XLS
Tajikistan    XLS
Thailand    XLS
Timor-Leste    XLS
Tonga    XLS
Turkmenistan    XLS
Tuvalu    XLS
Uzbekistan    XLS
Vanuatu    XLS
Viet Nam    XLS

Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators

The Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators 2013 (FIGI 2013)  is the follow-up edition to FIGI 2012, which proposed a set of 35 indicators as measures of income and non-income outcomes of inclusive growth; the processes and inputs that are important to improve access to opportunities, social inclusion, social safety nets; and good governance and institutions.

Additional Details

  • Economics
  • Finance sector development
  • Industry and trade
  • Social development and protection
  • Social protection - labor and employment
  • FLS135928-2
  • 978-92-9254-238-2 (Print)
  • 978-92-9254-239-9 (Web)

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