Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2016

Publication | November 2016

The Key Indicators 2016 report highlights the uneven though steady growth in the region, as well as the disparities between developing Asian and Pacific economies.

  • US$46.00 (paperback)

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The Key Indicators presents key statistics on development issues concerning Asia and the Pacific and includes the latest available economic, financial, social, and environmental indicators for ADB's 48 regional members.

Part I of this issue presents the current status of economies of Asia and the Pacific with respect to the Sustainable Development Goals based on selected indicators from the global indicator framework. Part II comprises statistical indicators that capture economic, financial, social, and environmental developments. Part III presents key statistics and stylized facts on the phenomenon of global value chains.

Other key findings include:

  • Approximately 1.2 billion people in Asia and the Pacific are below the poverty line of $3.10 (2011 PPP) a day.
  • About 1.5 billion lack access to proper sanitation.
  • Broadband internet subscriptions increased in 45 out of 47 reporting economies between 2000 and 2015, but 58% of the region’s population remains unconnected to the internet.
  • The gross domestic product (GDP) share of manufacturing increased in 16 out of 48 ADB member economies from 2000 to 2015.
  • In nearly three-quarters of the economies of Asia and Pacific, the service sector accounts for more than 50% of GDP based on latest data.
  • Asia and the Pacific generated two-fifths of global GDP (in 2011 purchasing power parity terms) in 2015. 
  • There are remarkable disparities across economies: In 2011 purchasing power parity terms, Singapore’s per capita GDP is 44 times that of Solomon Islands.
  • The region accounts for roughly 45% of global energy use according to latest available data.
  • Over the past decade, the region’s total greenhouse gas emissions grew faster than the global average.
  • Government spending on health as a percentage of GDP has increased in about two-thirds of the region’s economies since 2000.
  • The average number of days required to start a business in developing Asia and the Pacific declined from 45 days in 2005 to 20 days in 2015.

Part I. Sustainable Development Goals

The SDGs present a universal call to action to build on the progress achieved through the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by addressing social, economic, and environmental aspects of sustainable development and ensuring that nobody will be left behind. 2015 is a milestone year for the SDGs as it serves as the baseline from which development performance of economies will be assessed. The Key Indicators 2016 compiles data for a subset of these indicators for which data are available for the economies of Asia and the Pacific.

  Download this chapter.

Introduction to the Sustainable Development Goals PDF  
People PDF XLS
Planet PDF XLS
Prosperity PDF XLS
Partnership PDF XLS

Part II. Region at a Glance

The Regional Trends and Tables part is grouped into eight themes, each of which has a brief analysis of key trends of selected indicators highlighting important recent developments in Asia and the Pacific.

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Introduction to the Regional Trends and Table PDF
People XLS
Economy and Output XLS
Money, Finance, and Prices XLS
Globalization XLS
Transport and Communications XLS
Energy and Electricity XLS
Environment XLS
Government and Governance XLS

Part III. Global Value Chains

Advances made in information, communication, and transportation technology have enabled businesses to fragment and distribute production processes across the globe, giving rise to global value chains (GVCs). A very high proportion of international trade transpires within these GVCs rendering traditional measures inadequate in assessing the effects of these transactions on indicators such as employment, income, and GDP growth. To better understand the dynamics of modern trade, ADB is producing and analyzing a variety of sophisticated measures of value added and GVC participation.

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Aggregate Sector Revealed Comparative Advantage, 2000-2015 XLS
Direct and Indirect Value Added Exports of Aggregate Sectors, 2000-2015 XLS
Value Added Decomposition of Exports of Aggregate Sectors, 2000-2015 XLS
Value Added Exports of Aggregate Sectors by Various Measures, 2000-2015 XLS
Vertical Specialization Disaggregated for Select Industries, 2000-2015 XLS
Vertical Specialization of Industrial Aggregates, 2000-2015 XLS
Bilateral Sector Indicators, 2000 XLS
Bilateral Sector Indicators, 2005 XLS
Bilateral Sector Indicators, 2008 XLS
Bilateral Sector Indicators, 2011 XLS
Bilateral Sector Indicators, 2015 XLS
Export Decomposition, 2000 XLS
Export Decomposition, 2005 XLS
Export Decomposition, 2008 XLS
Export Decomposition, 2011 XLS
Export Decomposition, 2015 XLS

Statistics by Economy

These tables for the 48 ADB regional member economies contain information on a wide range of statistical indicators on population, labor force, national accounts, production and price indexes, energy, money and banking, government finance, external trade, balance of payments, international reserves, exchange rates, and external indebtedness. Data on the labor force and national accounts have been updated to provide more disaggregated data across economic sectors consistent with the United Nations System of National Accounts 2008. Balance-of-payments data have also been updated in line with the sixth edition of the International Monetary Fund’s Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual.

Afghanistan PDF XLS
Armenia PDF XLS
Australia PDF XLS
Azerbaijan PDF XLS
Bangladesh PDF XLS
Bhutan PDF XLS
Brunei Darussalam PDF XLS
Cambodia PDF XLS
China, People's Republic of PDF XLS
Cook Islands PDF XLS
Georgia PDF XLS
Hong Kong, China PDF XLS
Indonesia PDF XLS
Kazakhstan PDF XLS
Kiribati PDF XLS
Korea, Republic of PDF XLS
Kyrgyz Republic PDF XLS
Lao People's Democratic Republic PDF XLS
Malaysia PDF XLS
Maldives PDF XLS
Marshall Islands PDF XLS
Micronesia, Federated States of PDF XLS
Mongolia PDF XLS
Myanmar PDF XLS
New Zealand PDF XLS
Pakistan PDF XLS
Papua New Guinea PDF XLS
Philippines PDF XLS
Singapore PDF XLS
Solomon Islands PDF XLS
Sri Lanka PDF XLS
Taipei,China PDF XLS
Tajikistan PDF XLS
Thailand PDF XLS
Timor-Leste PDF XLS
Turkmenistan PDF XLS
Tuvalu PDF XLS
Uzbekistan PDF XLS
Vanuatu PDF XLS
Viet Nam PDF XLS

Additional Details

  • Economics
  • Poverty
  • Sustainable Development Goals
  • FLS168387-2
  • 978-92-9257-629-5 (Print)
  • 978-92-9257-630-1 (e-ISBN)

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