Land Pooling in Nepal: From Planned Urban "Islands" to City Transformation

Publication | August 2020

This paper assesses the outcomes of land pooling projects in Nepal and draws on examples from other Asian countries for a better understanding of how institutional capacities for land pooling vary and evolve.

Global examples show that land pooling can transform entire cities, but the impact of decades-long experiences in Nepal have been limited. In the paper, policy and technical recommendations aim to mitigate bottlenecks and enhance successes learned from past experiences in Nepal and other countries. It also advises how Nepal can successfully implement more ambitious large-scale land pooling projects. This is the first in a series of three working papers that ADB’s South Asia Urban Development and Water Division has produced to take a deeper look at the effectiveness and prospects of land pooling in developing country cities.


  • Introduction
  • Land Pooling in Nepal: Potentials and Pitfalls
  • Lessons from Implementation: Enabling Environment
  • Lessons from Implementation: Scheme Design and Implementation Processes
  • Lessons from Implementation: Outcomes for Urban Development
  • Conclusions and Recommendations

Additional Details

  • Urban development
  • Nepal
  • 60
  • 8.5 x 11
  • WPS200206-2
  • 2313-5867 (print)
  • 2313-5875 (electronic)

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