Mitigating Energy Shortages in the People’s Republic of China

Publication | March 2022

The publication discusses the recent electricity supply shortage in the People's Republic of China (PRC), reviews the government's swift action to address the issue, and offers further recommendations to mitigate future electricity shortages.

The recent electricity supply shortage in the PRC is driven by a disequilibrium in demand and supply. Energy demand has picked up along with economic recovery and industry growth, but at the same time, soaring coal prices have hit power producers so that they curtailed growth in electricity supply. The PRC government has acted swiftly to increase coal output and support electricity production. This report makes further recommendations to mitigate future shortages in electricity supply, including liberalization of residential electricity prices to accelerate the transformation to a more energy-efficient economy and the transition to a less energy-intensive economy to reduce the country’s carbon footprint.


  • Summary
  • Electricity Shortages
  • Measures Taken and Their Effects
  • Possible Short-Term Actions and Their Effects
  • Medium- to Long-Term Reforms

Additional Details

  • Energy
  • Energy sector governance and reform
  • Access to energy
  • China, People's Republic of
  • 14
  • 8.5 x 11
  • BRF220119-2
  • 978-92-9269-440-1 (print)
  • 978-92-9269-441-8 (electronic)

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