Monetary and Fiscal Operations in the People’s Republic of China: An Alternative View of the Options Available

Publication | October 2013

This paper examines the fiscal and monetary policy options available to the People's Republic of China as a sovereign currency-issuing nation operating in a dollar standard world.

The paper first summarizes a number of issues facing the People's Republic of China (PRC), including the possibility of slower growth and a number of domestic imbalances. Then, it analyzes current monetary and fiscal policy formation and examines some policy recommendations that have been advanced to deal with current areas of concern. The paper outlines the sovereign currency approach and uses it to analyze those concerns. Against this background, it is recommended that the central government's fiscal stance should be gradually relaxed so that local government and corporate budgets can be tightened. By loosening the central government's budget but tightening local government and corporate budgets at a measured pace, the PRC can avoid depressing growth or sparking excessive inflation.


  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Background and Context for the Analysis
  • Main Policy Challenges
  • Budget Deficits and Sectoral Balances: Implications for the PRC
  • Policy Options
  • Conclusions
  • References

Additional Details

  • Economics
  • Finance sector development
  • Financial markets and institutions
  • China, People's Republic of
  • WPS136077
  • 1655-5252 (Print)

Published Version

Lommen, Yolanda Fernandez and L. Randall Wray . 2015. "Monetary and Fiscal Operations: A Look at the Options." In Managing the Middle-Income Transition: Challenges Facing the People’s Republic of China, edited by Juzhong Zhuang, Paul Vandenberg, and Yiping Huang, 253–75. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

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