Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note: How to Reduce Transport Costs

Publication | July 2016

Estimates put Myanmar’s long-distance transport costs at $4.8 billion, but ADB sees scope for reducing these costs by 29% through a limited modernization program combining investments and policy reforms.

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The road travel mode largely dominates Myanmar’s transport sector. Almost two-thirds of all long-distance transport takes place on the Yangon–Mandalay corridor, if including both the Yangon–Naypyitaw–Mandalay branch and the Yangon–Pyay–Magway–Pakokku–Mandalay branch. The 2007–2012 period has marked a clear break in trends for transport in Myanmar. Freed from former constraints, the truck and bus industry has boomed. Meanwhile, government transport enterprises, mainly Inland Water Transport, Myanma Railways, and Road Transport, which had failed to modernize over the previous 20 years, saw their market share collapse, and their financial situation severely deteriorate.

This report includes proposed measures for Myanmar’s road sector, rail sector, river transport, and policy measures, summarizing the costs and benefits of each, ranked by their benefit-to-cost-ratio.

About the Transport Sector Policy Note

The Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note is composed of a series of 9 reports, and a Summary for Decision Makers.


  • Executive Summary
  • Transport Demand Patterns
  • Road Transport Services
  • Railway Transport Services
  • River Transport Services
  • Competitiveness of Each Mode of Transport
  • Outlook and Benefits from Operational Improvements and Policy Reforms

Additional Details

  • Transport
  • Transport Management and Policies
  • Myanmar
  • 78
  • 8.5 x 11
  • RPT168051-2
  • 978-92-9257-459-8 (print)
  • 978-92-9257-460-4 (electronic)

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