Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note: How to Reform Transport Institutions

Publication | July 2016

To meet the needs of a quickly growing market economy, Myanmar's transport system will need investments, better management, and a larger, more able private sector.

Download(Free : 2 available)
  • US$25.00 (paperback)

Myanmar's transport sector institutions are currently ill adapted to the new situation. Although government reform attempts have been in the right direction, more is needed to shape a strong basis for sector development.

The thrust of the government’s efforts—liberalization of service markets, corporatization of state-owned economic enterprises (SEEs), decentralization, increased importance of planning—has been in the right direction. However, reforms address only part of entrenched problems, and there is a lack of consistency between subsectors of transport.

A more ambitious reform package is needed to:

  • scale-up sector resources, from a historic level of 1%–1.5% of GDP to 3% or 4% of GDP;
  • find a lasting solution to the state-owned economic enterprise crisis, and doing so, clarify their role and that of the government;
  • create the bases for private sector growth. Regulations and institutions that foster competition, balanced public procurement, and good governance are needed;
  • put technical planning at the heart of decision-making to ensure that scarce resources serve top priorities and are at a scale and standard appropriate to needs;
  • enable a strong leadership of the transport sector in the central government;
  • decentralize effectively. Transport could be a leading sector in decentralization, but matching packages of resources, responsibilities, and administrative capacity are needed.

About the Transport Sector Policy Note

The Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note is composed of a series of 9 reports, and a Summary for Decision Makers.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Institutional Setup in the Transport Sector
  • Assessment and Objectives for Reform
  • Guiding Principles for Transport Policy
  • Institutions to Lead the Transport Sector
  • Restructuring Transport State-Owned Economic Enterprises
  • Appendixes

Additional Details

  • Public-Private Partnerships
  • Transport
  • Multimodal Transport & Sector Development
  • Transport Management and Policies
  • Myanmar
  • 106
  • 8.5 x 11
  • RPT168146-2
  • 978-92-9257-483-3 (print)
  • 978-92-9257-484-0 (electronic)

Subscribe to our monthly digest of latest ADB publications.

Follow ADB Publications on social media.