Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note: How to Reform Transport Institutions
To meet the needs of a quickly growing market economy, Myanmar's transport system will need investments, better management, and a larger, more able private sector.
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Myanmar's transport sector institutions are currently ill adapted to the new situation. Although government reform attempts have been in the right direction, more is needed to shape a strong basis for sector development.
The thrust of the government’s efforts—liberalization of service markets, corporatization of state-owned economic enterprises (SEEs), decentralization, increased importance of planning—has been in the right direction. However, reforms address only part of entrenched problems, and there is a lack of consistency between subsectors of transport.
A more ambitious reform package is needed to:
- scale-up sector resources, from a historic level of 1%–1.5% of GDP to 3% or 4% of GDP;
- find a lasting solution to the state-owned economic enterprise crisis, and doing so, clarify their role and that of the government;
- create the bases for private sector growth. Regulations and institutions that foster competition, balanced public procurement, and good governance are needed;
- put technical planning at the heart of decision-making to ensure that scarce resources serve top priorities and are at a scale and standard appropriate to needs;
- enable a strong leadership of the transport sector in the central government;
- decentralize effectively. Transport could be a leading sector in decentralization, but matching packages of resources, responsibilities, and administrative capacity are needed.
About the Transport Sector Policy Note
The Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note is composed of a series of 9 reports, and a Summary for Decision Makers.
- Executive Summary
- Institutional Setup in the Transport Sector
- Assessment and Objectives for Reform
- Guiding Principles for Transport Policy
- Institutions to Lead the Transport Sector
- Restructuring Transport State-Owned Economic Enterprises