Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note: Urban Transport

Publication | July 2016

The efficiency of urban transport systems in Yangon and Mandalay will determine their productivity and attractiveness to investments and labor, and will have a direct impact on Myanmar’s economic growth.

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The report focuses on the country’s main cities, Yangon and Mandalay, where issues are most severe. It looks at what has happened in the last 3 years and identifies short-term directions to follow.

Yangon’s transport system is experiencing a quick breakdown. The number of cars doubled from 160,000 at the end of FY2011 to 320,000 by April 2015 and congestion is picking up quickly. In the short-term, the priority is to increase the transport system capacity through low-cost traffic engineering, while limiting car usage through demand management. In the medium-term, Yangon will need to invest in its road network, carry out bus reforms, develop high-capacity bus rapid transit lines and modernize the existing circular railway. Creating an overarching authority for transport in Yangon would facilitate the implementation of these measures.

For Mandalay, two initiatives could be considered—a corridor-based improvement initiative and a city center transport strategy and improvement—that will enable the establishment of a structure and skill base to prepare for citywide application of a sustainable transport strategy. Both will have significant impact, do not prejudice grander long-term plans, and can be developed and implemented quickly.

About the Transport Sector Policy Note

The Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note is composed of a series of 9 reports, and a Summary for Decision Makers.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Review of Urban Transport in Yangon
    • Yangon Transport System
    • Strategy Review
    • Potential Short- and Medium-Term Actions
    • Conclusion
  • Urban Transport in Mandalay
    • Overview of Transport in Mandalay
    • Urban Transport Assessment
    • Emerging Transport Issues
    • First Steps Toward a Sustainable Transport Future
    • Conclusion

Additional Details

  • Transport
  • Multimodal Transport & Sector Development
  • Transport Management and Policies
  • Urban transport
  • Myanmar
  • 80
  • 8.5 x 11
  • RPT168195-2
  • 978-92-9257-517-5 (print)
  • 978-92-9257-518-2 (electronic)

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