Climate Change, Coming Soon to a Court Near You: National Climate Change Legal Frameworks in Asia and the Pacific

Publication | December 2020

Report 3 provides holistic syntheses of the climate legal and policy frameworks of 32 countries in Asia and the Pacific and discusses key legislative trends and climate-relevant constitutional rights.

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National legal and policy frameworks underpin international climate action because they are the backbone of domestic responses to the climate emergency. Unless they support global objectives, local climate action stalls. Concerned by sluggish national responses to climate change or injured by its affects, citizens are filing lawsuits, making courts central to national climate governance. To adjudicate these lawsuits, courts require current information about their climate change legal and policy frameworks.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Trends in Climate Laws and Policies in Asia and the Pacific
  • Comparative Constitutional Survey
  • South Asia Legal Frameworks
  • Southeast Asia and People's Republic of China’s Legal Frameworks
  • The Pacific Countries Legal Frameworks
  • Conclusion

Additional Details

  • Climate change
  • Strengthening policies, governance, and capacities
  • Environment
  • Disaster Risk Management
  • Environmental policy and legislation
  • Environmental assessment
  • Governance and public sector management
  • Afghanistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Cambodia
  • China, People's Republic of
  • Cook Islands
  • Fiji
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Kiribati
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Marshall Islands
  • Micronesia, Federated States of
  • Myanmar
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Philippines
  • Samoa
  • Solomon Islands
  • Sri Lanka
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Vanuatu
  • Viet Nam
  • 336
  • 8.5 x 11
  • TCS200364-2
  • 978-92-9262-547-4 (print)
  • 978-92-9262-548-1 (electronic)
  • 978-92-9262-549-8 (ebook)

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