Papers and Briefs
Browse all ADB-researched or supported working papers and briefs.
Characterizing Regionalism in Asia: A Modern Global Supply Chain Perspective
This paper quantifies economic interdependence among Asian economies and between Asia and the rest of the world using a modern global value chain decomposition framework.
Tackling Unequal Access to Digital Education in Viet Nam during the COVID-19 Pandemic
In 2019–2021, about 1.5 million students in Viet Nam did not have access to online education.
Financing Climate Targets: A Study of Select G20 Countries
Countries will need significant financial resources to face climate-induced events and transition to a low-carbon economy.
Does Corruption Discourage Entrepreneurship?
In this paper, the authors examine the relationship between corruption and entrepreneurship employing two widely used proxies from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor and the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey.
Trade Effects of Transportation Infrastructure among CAREC Countries
This paper analyzes the trade effects of road and rail infrastructure reforms in 11 member countries of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) program.
The Emerging Era of Digital Identities: Challenges and Opportunities for the G20
Digital identities have become popular worldwide due to their potential to improve the efficiency, functionality, scalability, and coverage of government schemes and policies.
International Business Cycle Synchronization: A Synthetic Assessment
This paper presents findings from a study that synthetically assessed the three major transmission channels of international business cycles: trade, foreign direct investment (FDI), and portfolio flows between economies with multiple fixed effects.
The Hybrid Annuity Model for Public-Private Partnerships in India’s Road Sector: Lessons for Developing Asia
This paper explores how the Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM) has been applied in public–private partnerships for road sector infrastructure investments in India.
Female Rural–Urban Migrants and Online Marketplaces in Emerging Economies: Evidence from Thailand and Viet Nam
Understanding the drivers and welfare effects of participation in online marketplaces in emerging countries is important to reap the benefits of ICT development.
Macroeconomic Effects of COVID-19 in a Commodity-Exporting Economy: Evidence from Mongolia
The economic turmoil and labor market dislocation resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic continue in the Mongolian economy despite extraordinary political support.