Papers and Briefs
Browse all ADB-researched or supported working papers and briefs.
Scaling Natural Capital Investments in the Yellow River Ecological Corridor
This policy brief offers recommendations for the transition of the Yellow River basin into an ecological corridor to improve natural capital protection, ecological restoration, and sustainable agricultural practices.
Reimagining Viet Nam’s Microfinance Sector: Recommendations for Institutional and Legal Reforms
This paper emphasizes the need to prioritize regulatory reform that can support microfinance service providers (MSPs) in Viet Nam in line with 2025 targets outlined in the country's new National Financial Inclusion Strategy.
Leadership and Governance of Long-Term Care Systems in Asia and the Pacific
This brief outlines key governance factors to consider for strategies and approaches that can improve long-term care (LTC) systems in Asia and the Pacific.
A Problem-Solving Framework for Infrastructure Policy Making
In the traditional policy analysis approach, an individual or firm may not know whether a solution will work in real-world conditions. Flexibility, feedback, and reassessment are necessary for developing and implementing a project.
Water for the Poor – Dhaka’s Water Utilities Turnaround Challenge
Providing public utilities services to slum areas has always been a significant public policy challenge in developing countries.
Civil Society Brief: Armenia
This brief discusses civil society development in Armenia founded by the resilience and commitment of citizens and strengthened by the active involvement of civil society organizations in economic, institutional, and policy reforms.
The Development and Social Impacts of Pakistan’s New Khanki Barrage: A Project Benefit Case Study
This study examines the development and describes the advanced technology used for the construction and operation of the New Khanki Barrage in Punjab, Pakistan. It highlights the socioeconomic benefits of the project to communities.
Nepal: Assessment of School Education Financing in a Federal System
This brief examines education financing trends in Nepal following the government’s transition to a federal system and recommends designs for future financing, operational conditions, and practices that better reflect the new system.
Leveraging Fintech for Central Asia’s Trade Financing Needs: Supporting Underserved Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises
This brief explores the wider adoption of financial technology (fintech) to narrow the trade finance gap for micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises in member countries of the Central Asia Regional Cooperation (CAREC).
Accreditation of Online Courses in Higher Education—Early Adopters in the European Union, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia
This brief examines how the accreditation of massive open online courses (MOOCs) in tertiary education can benefit a blended learning approach as applied in the European Union, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia.