Papers and Briefs
Browse all ADB-researched or supported working papers and briefs.
Public–Private Partnerships in Developing Asian Countries: Practical Suggestions for Future Development Assistance
Public–private partnerships, especially in the context of infrastructure development, have gained in popularity over the past decades and are now largely accepted both in developed and developing countries.
Reopening Borders to Revive the Economy and Resume Travel in Asia and the Pacific: Health-Focused Policy Recommendations
This brief outlines policy recommendations for safely reopening travel and tourism in Asia and the Pacific while prioritizing response, recovery, and resiliency during phases of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.
Five Lessons for Shaping Policies and Programs to Accelerate Urban Sanitation in Asia: A Case Study on the Beijing Gaobeidian Wastewater Treatment Plant
In Asia, where rapid urbanization is occurring, inadequate water and sanitation services are a problem due to insufficient investment.
Early Childhood Development and Poverty Reduction in the People’s Republic of China
This paper provides an overview of early childhood development in the People’s Republic of China and calls for a comprehensive and equitable early childhood development service system to build its essential public service systems.
Public Debt Stability in the People’s Republic of China: Rethinking the Domar Condition and Its Bond Market Application
This paper extends the supply side argument of the Domar model for fiscal sustainability and examines the case of the bond market in People’s Republic of China.
Reforming Port Processes in India for Logistics Efficiency
This brief offers policy recommendations for streamlining and digitizing port logistics and operations in India based on findings of a study conducted on the Jawaharlal Nehru and Vishakhapatnam ports.
Rationalizing Mongolia’s Hospital Services: Experiences, Lessons Learned, and Future Directions
This paper describes the hospital sector in Mongolia along with reforms and results achieved, challenges that remain, and ongoing and future directions for ADB support to better respond to the needs of the people.
Less Cash, Less Theft? Evidence from Fintech Development in the People’s Republic of China
The development of fintech has significantly mitigated local theft activities.
The COVID-19 Pandemic and Indonesia’s Fintech Markets
Indonesia’s fintech market has been relatively resilient to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sharing Credit Data While Respecting Privacy—A Digital Platform for Fairer Financing of MSMEs
Pooling credit information enables the construction of a more informative credit model for MSMEs, which can then serve as a common good among lenders.