Papers and Briefs
Browse all ADB-researched or supported working papers and briefs.
The Evolution of the European Stability Mechanism: Lessons for Asian Integration
The European Stability Mechanism (ESM) is a permanent institution with the purpose of providing financial stability to the 19 countries in the eurozone. It was founded in 2012 at the height of the sovereign debt crisis in Europe. Originally, the European Union and the eurozone intended to operate without a regional financial stability mechanism. However, the severity of the crisis forced the abolishment of the principal of complete fiscal self-reliance for each member country.
The Role of Fiscal Incentives in Promoting Energy Efficiency in the Industrial Sector: Case Studies from Asia
Financial incentives are part of the long-term solution for achieving energy efficiency.
Frontiers of Water-Related Disaster Management and the Way Forward
Effective governance is one of the most essential elements of an overall disaster risk management strategy.
Land Pooling in Nepal: From Planned Urban "Islands" to City Transformation
This paper assesses the outcomes of land pooling projects in Nepal and draws on examples from other Asian countries for a better understanding of how institutional capacities for land pooling vary and evolve.
Spatial Dynamics and Driving Forces of Asian Cities
This study develops a new city-level panel dataset using satellite nighttime light imagery and grid population data for over 1,500 cities in 43 economies in Asia and the Pacific from 1992 to 2016.
COVID-19 Impact on Farm Households in Punjab, Pakistan: Analysis of Data from a Cross-Sectional Survey
This brief sets out survey findings from Punjab, Pakistan on how the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has affected farmers and highlights respondents’ policy priorities.
Effects of Infrastructure Projects on Government Revenue: The Case of Expressway Projects in the Northern Midland and Mountainous Area of Viet Nam
Infrastructure development facilitates better access to economic opportunities and education and thus better economic performance.
COVID-19, Technology, and Polarizing Jobs
This brief assesses how COVID-19 will affect jobs in Asia and the Pacific and proposes policy actions to manage the impacts.
Review of Voluntary Agreements on Energy Efficiency: Implications for ASEAN Countries
Well-designed voluntary agreements on energy efficiency are essential in raising awareness in companies and engaging them with multiple energy efficiency benefits.
FinTech Development in the People’s Republic of China and Its Macroeconomic Implications
Fintech is rapidly changing the financial industry, with important implications for macroeconomic stability.