Poverty in the People's Republic of China: Recent Developments and Scope for Bank Assistance

Publication | November 1992

This paper has identified issues in addressing poverty and some operational constraints in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and it has outlined the scope for channeling ADB's poverty alleviation assistance.

The purpose of this paper is threefold. First, the paper describes the current poverty situation in the PRC and discusses the policies of the Government that have contributed to poverty alleviation. Second, it identifies poverty issues to be addressed and presents a broad overview of the Government's policies and strategy to address the same. Finally, it outlines the scope for extending ADB assistance for poverty alleviation in the PRC with the country's operational constraints.


  • Introduction
  • Rural Poverty in the PRC: Current Situation and Some Policy Developments
    • Estimated of the Incidence of Rural Poverty
    • Poverty Incidence: Some Results and Implications
  • Issues in Poverty
    • Need for Better Linkages
    • Macroeconomic Issues
    • Financial Sector Reforms and Poverty Reduction
    • Rural Technology Development and Poverty Alleviation
    • Inequality in Income Distribution and Relative Poverty
    • Demographic Trends, Economic Transformation and Implications of Social Security Safety Nets
    • Sustainability of Achievements in Poverty Reduction
    • Urban-Rural Migration and Rural Poverty
  • Scope for Bank Assistance for Poverty Alleviation in the PRC
  • Conclusion

Additional Details

  • Poverty
  • China, People's Republic of

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