Poverty in the Philippines: Income, Assets, and Access

Publication | January 2005
Poverty in the Philippines: Income, Assets, and Access

This book examines official income poverty statistics and trends, but then takes a more multidimensional approach in exploring questions of access.

The report looks at access by the poor to five important assets: human, physical, natural, social, and financial capital. The framework is built on the sustainable livelihoods approach, where vulnerability is a central concept.

See updated information on poverty in the Philippines.


  • Foreword
  • Executive Summary
  • Revisiting the Poverty Problem
  • Analytical Framework
  • Income Poverty and Inequality in the Philippines
  • Assets and Access Poverty
  • Achieving the MDGS in the Philippines
  • Causes of Poverty in the Philippines
  • Government Poverty Reduction Programs
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix 1: Poverty Measurement in the Philippines
  • Appendix 2: The ADB-GOP Poverty Partnership Agreement
  • Appendix 3: Participant List
  • Appendix 4: References