Public–Private Partnerships for Wastewater Treatment in Rural Areas: Case Study of Changshu, People’s Republic of China
Rural wastewater treatment projects in the PRC should focus on managing project efficiency and quality, reducing market-based financing constraints, and minimizing financing costs.
Taking Changshu, the first comprehensive demonstration area of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) for integrated rural county wastewater governance, as an example, and based on the one- to four-phase public–private partnership (PPP) projects for decentralized county wastewater treatment, we examine the current status of rural wastewater management in the PRC and presents relevant reflections. The Changshu case confirms the reliable quality of Japan’s Johkasou technology and the role of the PPP model in ensuring the quality and efficiency of rural wastewater treatment projects, while offering reflections on the initiative to raise the effluent discharge standard without considering the cost and rural characteristics.
DEVELOPMENT CASE STUDY NO: 2022-1