Purchasing Power Parities and Real Expenditures: A Summary Report

Publication | April 2014

This publication presents the 2011 Asia and the Pacific regional purchasing power parities and summary results of real GDP and its major components for 23 participating economies.

  • US$22.00 (hardcopy)

This report presents the summary results of purchasing power parities (PPP) in the 2011 International Comparison Program in Asia and the Pacific and background information on the concepts that underpin the results. The PPPs are disaggregated by major economic aggregates which enable robust cross-country comparison as they include variables such as per capita real gross domestic product; real per capita actual final consumption expenditure for measures of economic well-being; gross fixed capital formation reflecting investment; and price level indexes showing relative cost of living by country.


  • Introduction
  • The International Comparison Program in Asia and the Pacific
  • Purchasing Power Parities of Currencies
  • Main Concepts and Measures
  • Summary of Results for Asia and the Pacific
  • Methodology for the 2011 ICP in the Asia and Pacific
  • Innovations Introduced in the 2011 International Comparison Program for Asia and the Pacific
  • Conclusion
  • Appendixes
  • Glossary
  • References

Additional Details

  • Economics
  • RPT146397-3
  • 978-92-9254-480-5 (print)
  • 978-92-9254-481-2 (web)

Subscribe to our monthly digest of latest ADB publications.

Follow ADB Publications on social media.