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Reforming the Personal Income Tax System in the People's Republic of China

Publication | May 2020
Reforming the Personal Income Tax System in the People's Republic of China

This publication outlines personal income tax system reforms in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) following the amendment of the country’s Personal Income Tax Law in 2018.

The PRC has made significant steps in amending the country’s Personal Income Tax Law in 2018. Yet, there are still issues to consider for further improvement. Based on international experiences and comparisons, this publication recommends that personal income tax system reforms in the PRC must include (i) broadening the country’s tax base, (ii) streamlining and limiting special deductions, (iii) optimizing the tax rate structure, and (iv) reinforcing tax collection and administration by strengthening compliance and improving law enforcement.

Contents 

  • Background
  • Remaining Issues in the Personal Income Tax System
  • Lessons from International Experiences
  • Policy Recommendations