Returning Migrants in the People’s Republic of China Challenges and Perspectives—Evidence from Chongqing

Publication | December 2020

This working paper examines the push and pull factors that shape return migration in the People’s Republic of China, drawing on research findings in Dianjiang County of Chongqing Municipality.

The migrant population in the People’s Republic of China grew steadily over 30 years before showing signs of decline in the last 5 years. In the paper, push and pull factors identified were associated with the availability of assets both in migration destinations and back at home that the migrants can draw upon for income and livelihoods. These assets comprise financial, human, and social capital; family relations; access to social security, housing and infrastructure; and productive assets such as land.


  • Introduction
  • Conceptual Framework
  • The People's Republic of China's Migration Trends: Magnitude and New Characteristics
  • Developments in Labor Migration Policies
  • Returning Migrants in Dianjiang County: Evidence from the Field
  • Addressing Policy Gaps to Support Returning Migrants
  • Conclusions

Additional Details

  • Social development and protection
  • Social protection - labor and employment
  • China, People's Republic of
  • 56
  • 8.5 x 11
  • WPS200399-2

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