Reviews of National Policies for Education: Education in Indonesia - Rising to the Challenge

Publication | March 2015

Education and skills are central to Indonesia’s growth prospects in the next decade. It now has the opportunity to capitalise on the substantial progress that has been made in expanding access to education.

Having made impressive progress in widening access to basic education, Indonesia must now consolidate these gains and develop an education system to support the needs of the economy in its transition towards high-income status. This report highlights three main policy directions which, pursued together, would help Indonesia advance on the path towards stronger growth and more inclusive and sustainable development. The first priority is to raise the quality of education and ensure that all learners acquire the skills they need to succeed in life and work. The second goal is to widen participation, requiring a concerted effort to improve access for disadvantaged groups and expand provision beyond the basic level. The final challenge is to increase efficiency, with a more data‑driven approach to resource allocation, better tailoring of provision to local needs, and stronger performance management.

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This report was financed by a grant provided by the Analytical and Capacity Development Partnership, a facility supported by the Government of Indonesia, the Government of Australia, through Australian Aid, the European Union (EU) and the Asian Development Bank. Additional in-kind support was provided by the Care Inspectorate, Scotland and the Islamic Development Bank (IDB).


  • Executive summary
  • Assessment and recommendations
  • Chapter 1. The Indonesian education system in context
  • Part 1. Education sub-sector opportunities and challenges
    • Chapter 2. Early childhood education in Indonesia
    • Chapter 3. Basic education in Indonesia
    • Chapter 4. Senior secondary education in Indonesia
    • Chapter 5. Initial vocational education and training in Indonesia
    • Chapter 6. Tertiary education in Indonesia
  • Part II . Cross-cutting opportunities and challenges
    • Chapter 7. Education for life, work and further learning in Indonesia
    • Chapter 8. Teaching and educational leadership in Indonesia
    • Chapter 9. Appropriate educational assessment in Indonesia

Additional Details

  • Education
  • Pre-primary and basic education
  • Education sector development
  • Secondary Education
  • Education sector finance
  • Tertiary and higher education
  • Technical and vocational education and training
  • Indonesia
  • 334
  • 6 x 9
  • 978-92-64-23074-3 (print)
  • 978-92-64-23075-0 (electronic)
  • 1563-4914 (print)
  • 1990-0198 (electronic)

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