The Rural-Urban Transition in Viet Nam: Some Selected Issues

Publication | October 1997

This paper analyzes the rural–urban transition process in Viet Nam and future prospects. It also outlines strategies for harmonious rural–urban transition in three different regions of the country.

The paper analyzes the process of urban–rural transition under way in Vietnam in the context of its transition to a market economy. In managing this process of change, the government will face important choices on the patterns of urban and rural development and the linkages between the two. Based on how the choices are made, the impact on well-being could be quite different. A negative scenario could include an overconcentration of resources in one or two metropolitan centers, with poor linkages to rural development, and the increasing gap between urban and rural areas having negative social consequences on the cities and the countryside.


  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  • Rural-Urban Transition: An Analytical Approach
  • Empirical Evidence on Rural-Urban Transition in Viet Nam
  • A Regional Focus for Viet Nam's Development Strategy
  • Implications for Sectoral Strategies and Investment Policy
  • References

Additional Details

  • Agriculture and natural resources
  • Viet Nam

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