The Saemaul Undong Movement in the Republic of Korea
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This report, entitled The Saemaul Undong Movement in the Republic of Korea: Sharing Knowledge on Community-Driven Development, has been prepared by Djun Kil Kim, Professorial and Research Chair of the Samsung Korean Studies Program at the University of Asia and the Pacific, Manila, Philippines.
The Saemaul Undong movement was a community-driven development program of the Republic of Korea in the 1970s. The movement contributed to improved community wellbeing in rural communities through agricultural production, household income, village life, communal empowerment and regeneration, and women's participation.This report examines the strengths and weaknesses of the movement along with contributing factors, including institutional arrangements, leadership influence, gender consideration, ideological guidance, and financing. It also reviews existing studies and government data on the movement, and presents excerpts from interviews with key persons engaged in the movement and useful lessons for implementing community-driven development initiatives in developing countries.
- Executive Summary
- History of the Saemaul Undong Movement
- Institutional Context of the Saemaul Undong Movement
- Outcomes of the Saemaul Undong Movement
- Impact on Individual and Community Well-Being
- The Saemaul Undong Movement's Participatory Approach to Development
- Factors Contributing to Community Participation in the Saemaul Undong Movement
- Conclusions and Recommendations