In Pursuit of Safe Sanitation Services: Governing Fecal Sludge Management in Nepal
Unsafe sanitation practices can lead to severe risks to public health and the environment.
In Nepal, large quantities of fecal sludge are contained underground within household premises, informally emptied and transported, and disposed of without treatment in nearby rivers or marginal lands. Rapid urban growth, coupled with limited federal sewered sanitation programs, poses a significant challenge for municipalities to strategize ways and means to secure safe sanitation services for their citizens.
The way forward is to clearly articulate fecal sludge management in federal and local water and sanitation legislation and policy, back it up with visible programs and budget, operationalize public–private partnerships based on workable service and business models, and put into place a dedicated institutional arrangement to manage and regulate fecal sludge management services
DEVELOPMENT CASE STUDY NO: 2021-6