Central and West Asia Working Papers
The ADB Central and West Asia Working Paper Series is a forum for stimulating discussion and eliciting feedback on ongoing and recently completed economic, sector, and policy work undertaken by ADB staff members, consultants, or resource persons in the context of the operational work of the Central and West Asia Department (CWRD). The series deals with economic and development issues in Central and West Asia, and aims to improve the knowledge on Central and West Asia's development and policy challenges, strengthen subregional and country operations, and contribute to national and regional policy dialogue.
The Impact of COVID-19 and Locust Invasion on Farm Households in Punjab and Sindh: Analysis from Cross-Sectional Surveys in Pakistan
This paper presents results of a survey on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and a simultaneous locust invasion on farmers’ harvests, marketing efforts, input prices, and financial needs in two provinces in Pakistan.
COVID-19 Pandemic Impacts on Food Security in Central and West Asia: Key Issues and Strategic Options
This paper assesses how the collective pathway toward food security in Central and West Asia has transformed due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and recommends post-pandemic measures for ensuring long-term food security.
Why Pakistan’s Economic Growth Continues to Be Balance-of-Payments Constrained
This paper analyzes recurring balance-of-payments crisis in Pakistan, with data presented for the period 1980–2017.
Investment in Research and Development for Basmati Rice in Pakistan
This paper argues that Pakistan needs to increase its investments in agriculture research and development and highlights the importance of an improved Basmati rice program.
Pyanj River Morphology and Flood Protection
This report summarizes the results of the river morphology study of the Pyanj River, between Afghanistan and Tajikistan, with an emphasis on how findings on flood management may be applied elsewhere in Asia.
Climate Change and Sustainable Water Management in Central Asia
This working paper describes the results of research conducted by a technical assistance project funded by ADB on Water and Adaptation Interventions in Central and West Asia.
Armenia: Fostering the Long-Term Financial Viability and Sustainability of the Armenian Water and Sewerage Company
This paper outlines ADB’s interventions to improve water supply and sanitation services in Armenia through the initial project and the additional financing.
Azerbaijan: Financial Sector Assessment
Bolstered by strong hydrocarbon export revenues, the Government of Azerbaijan has been able to substantially increase budget expenditure in recent years. This has boosted growth in economic sectors outside oil and natural gas, and expanded opportunities for the country's financial institutions, which cater mainly to non-hydrocarbon sectors. Even so, total financial sector assets represent just 31% of gross domestic product, falling well short of the financial sector's potential to contribute to economic growth through savings mobilization and investment financing.
HIV/AIDS Vulnerabilities in Regional Transport Corridors in the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan
With the opening up of the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan through transport corridors and movements of migrant workers across borders, they are now exposed epidemiologically to neighboring countries that have higher rates of HIV infection.
Pensions and Pension Reform in Georgia
This paper considers ways in which pensions and their reforms could impact the future economic development of Georgia. It describes the existing pension structure and how this could be built upon to develop a new structure that would both improve the financial position of the current and future elderly and provide a means to achieve broader economic growth.