East Asia Working Papers
The East Asia Working Paper Series deals with key economic and development problems, as well as conceptual, analytical, or methodological issues relating to project/program economic analysis, and statistical data and measurement with a focus on the People's Republic of China and Mongolia.
Early Childhood Development and Poverty Reduction in the People’s Republic of China
This paper provides an overview of early childhood development in the People’s Republic of China and calls for a comprehensive and equitable early childhood development service system to build its essential public service systems.
Public Debt Stability in the People’s Republic of China: Rethinking the Domar Condition and Its Bond Market Application
This paper extends the supply side argument of the Domar model for fiscal sustainability and examines the case of the bond market in People’s Republic of China.
Rationalizing Mongolia’s Hospital Services: Experiences, Lessons Learned, and Future Directions
This paper describes the hospital sector in Mongolia along with reforms and results achieved, challenges that remain, and ongoing and future directions for ADB support to better respond to the needs of the people.
Development and Performance of the Elderly Care System in the People’s Republic of China
This paper attempts to understand and provide policy recommendations on the development and performance of the emerging elderly care system in the People's Republic of China.
Supporting Primary Health Care in Mongolia: Experiences, Lessons Learned, and Future Directions
This paper describes primary health care (PHC) in Mongolia and ADB support in its reform. It highlights results achieved and the lessons drawn that could be useful for future programs in Mongolia and other countries.
Developing Modernization Indicators for the People’s Republic of China: Key Considerations and a Proposed Framework
This working paper applies a modernization indicator to assesses the progress of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and compared it with countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the G20.
Returning Migrants in the People’s Republic of China Challenges and Perspectives—Evidence from Chongqing
This working paper examines the push and pull factors that shape return migration in the People’s Republic of China, drawing on research findings in Dianjiang County of Chongqing Municipality.
The Gender Dimension of Sustainable Consumption and Production: A Microsurvey-Based Analysis of Gender Differences in Awareness, Attitudes, and Behaviors in the People’s Republic of China
Using microsurveys in the People's Republic of China, this paper explores how gender affects sustainable consumption and production. It calls for increasing women's capacity in shaping environmental solutions to achieve this goal.
The Role of Local Governments in Driving High-Quality Growth in the People’s Republic of China
This paper analyzes the tax system in the People's Republic of China, focusing on fiscal and institutional operations of local governments. Centralized reforms are recommended to help better manage fiscal liabilities at the local level.
A Review of the Strategy for the Northeast Asia Power System Interconnection
This paper summarizes and updates the study of a strategy for the Northeast Asia Power System Interconnection that spans Japan, Mongolia, the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, and the Russian Federation.