Pacific Studies Series
The Pacific Studies Series aims to provide the governments of the Asian Development Bank's Pacific developing member countries with analyses of economic and other issues. The studies are also expected to shed light on the problems facing governments and people in the Pacific islands, and to suggest development strategies that combine both political and technical feasibility.
Economic Growth to 2030 in Timor-Leste
Using a growth accounting framework, this paper estimates the key inputs required by the Timor-Leste economy to narrow its income gap with the upper middle- income economies by 2030. This paper also presents estimates of the required accumulation of human and physical capital and improvements in productivity. The analysis concludes that an internationally high rate of economic growth is achievable over the long term if Timor-Leste matches the quality of policy and management of emerging Asia.
The Political Economy of Economic Reform in the Pacific
'This collection of case studies is the first systematic effort to unpack the political economy of reform in the Pacific. It is timely, wide-ranging, and rich in insight.'
- Professor Stephen Howes, Director, Development Policy Centre and Director, International and Development Economics Program, Crawford School of Economics and Government, Australian National University
Weaving Social Safety Nets
The recent economic slowdown, the preceding period episode of high food and oil prices, and the ever-present risk of natural disasters have highlighted that Pacific island countries and their people are very vulnerable to economic and natural forces beyond their control. Informal support provided by extended families and communities to those in need have been coming under increasing strain and no longer offer sufficient protection to those facing temporary hardship. This policy brief provides an overview of the role of social safety nets in protecting vulnerable groups during times of stress, and outlines key factors that should be considered in the design of such programs. The key response should be to plan ahead and have appropriate policies and programs in place to protect the vulnerable before a crisis hits.
State Performance and Capacity in the Pacific
The Pacific Approach of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) places good governance at the heart of the development agenda and identifies public sector management as an important driver of change. This study, prepared as a background for the Pacific Approach, reviews recent literature and analysis on the state's role in the development of Pacific developing member countries, and suggests priorities for future support by ADB and its development partners of improved state performance and capacity of these Pacific states.
Responding to Climate Change in the Pacific: Moving from Strategy to Action
ADB's Pacific Climate Change Program will address climate change-related technical and financing needs and support the planning and implementation of the climate responsive national development plans of Pacific developing member countries. Using innovative financing mechanisms, the program will build on and enhance efforts to-date by a variety of development partners, and will work with regional and national agencies and local communities to create and promote knowledge, skills, and practices in climate change-related fields.
Solomon Islands 2010 Economic Report
Economic and social progress in Solomon Islands has been limited since the country's independence, and the recent global economic crisis has placed more pressure on the country's economy. The resulting fiscal crunch and emerging balance-of-payments pressures demand a coordinated macroeconomic policy response, featuring recurrent expenditure restraint, prudent monetary policy, and public sector reform. Grant-funded infrastructure will also need to play a key role in supporting economic and employment growth. Finally, because the country is a high-cost, risky place in which to do business, the government must focus on removing constraints to private sector growth. This report outlines these recommendations for the medium- to long-term economic growth of Solomon Islands.
Transparency to the People: Using Stakeholder Participation to Support Public Sector Reform in Nauru and the Republic of the Marshall Islands
The publication tells the story of the use of stakeholder participation to support public sector reform in Nauru and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). The report provides important lessons for donor agencies, for Nauru and the RMI, and for other Pacific island nations that mainly live off aid and other rents. The lessons concern what has gone wrong with governance and why, and what can be done to improve governance under existing conditions. The three pilot projects described show that by taking transparency directly to the people, donors can help create more favorable conditions under which local citizens themselves can more readily press for reform. Whether the modest gains achieved in the pilot projects will prevail remains to be seen, but in all three cases, the future looks more promising than the past.
Kiribati Social and Economic Report 2008: Managing Development Risk
The report provides strategic priorities and options for policies for managing development risks and consulting with citizens about them, guiding citizens' actions, and taking direct action.
Kiribati's Political Economy and Capacity Development
Investigation into the social, economic, political, and institutional factors that encourage or impede inclusive economic development in Kiribati. Studies the political economy of the country's state-owned enterprise reform.
Vanuatu Economic Report 2009: Accelerating Reform
Over the last several years, Vanuatu has become one of the fastest growing economies in the Pacific region driven primarily by tourism, construction, and aid inflows.