Regional Economic Integration Working Papers
The ADB Working Papers on Regional Economic Integration series focuses on how countries and economies in Asia and the Pacific are working together in the areas of infrastructure and software; trade and investment; money and finance; and regional public goods.
Trans-Pacific Partnership versus Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Control of Membership and Agenda Setting
This paper argues that the formation of regional integration frameworks can be best understood as a dominant state’s attempt to create a preferred regional framework in which it can exercise exclusive influence.
The ASEAN Economy in the Regional Context: Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Options
ASEAN economies need to introduce a two-track strategy including domestic reforms to facilitate economic restructuring and liberalization, and initiatives to deepen and widen regional integration.
ASEAN Commercial Policy: A Rare Case of Outward-Looking Regional Integration
For a region characterized by great diversity and a history of conflict, ASEAN has played a role in delivering relative peace and stability in the region, which in turn facilitated rapid economic development.
Modern Services Export Performances among Emerging and Developed Asian Economies
Advancements in information and communications technologies (ICTs) have expanded the possibilities for trade in modern services and many Asian emerging and developed economies are increasingly participating in these new trade activities.
Global Value-Chains and Connectivity in Developing Asia - with Application to the Central and West Asian Region
Regional and global value chains are continuously evolving. The 21st century world economy is characterized by global value chains along which tasks are broken down and produced in different countries.
The Progress of Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific: Enabling International Supply Chain Integration
Paperless trade can bring huge cost savings and efficiency gains to international trade transactions. The Asia–Pacific region is home to several successful paperless trade systems that have realized impressive economic gains.
Trade Policy Challenges in a Small, Open, Fragile, Postconflict Economy: Cambodia
Cambodia is arguably the fastest-growing postconflict economy in recent history underpinned by open trade and investment policies in the context of dynamic neighborhood growth effects.
Business Cycle Synchronization in Asia: The Role of Financial and Trade Linkages
This research investigates the determinants underlying the synchronization of business cycles, including trade and financial linkages, and policy similarities.
From Spaghetti Bowl to Jigsaw Puzzle? Addressing the Disarray in the World Trade System
The rise of mega-regionals suggests that the world trade system is fragmenting to the point it appears more like a jigsaw puzzle than a spaghetti bowl.
World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation: Assessing the Level of Ambition and Likely Impacts
The Agreement on Trade Facilitation (ATF) was agreed at the Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) held in Bali in December 2013. This paper assesses the level of ambition and likely impacts of ATF.