South Asia Working Papers
The ADB South Asia Working Paper Series is a forum for ongoing and recently completed research and policy studies undertaken in ADB or on its behalf. The series is meant to enhance greater understanding of current important economic and development issues in South Asia, promote policy dialogue among stakeholders, and facilitate reforms and development management.
Sri Lanka’s Macroeconomic Challenges: A Tale of Two Deficits
This paper provides a narrative of Sri Lanka’s history of twin fiscal and current account deficits. It examines the macroeconomic outcomes and policies to deal with the imbalances.
Industrialization of Developing Countries in a Multicountry, Multisector Capital Accumulation Model
This publication shows that industrialization of developing countries happens when their relative share in global production becomes larger than the global demand for consumption goods.
Energy Technology Innovation in South Asia: Implications for Gender Equality and Social Inclusion
This working paper addresses how energy systems and services in South Asia can improve women’s economic empowerment and well-being.
Tariff Appraisal Study: Balancing Sustainability and Efficiency with Inclusive Access
This study examines electricity tariffs across South Asia to identify how well they are targeted to support inclusive economic growth.
Infrastructure Financing in South Asia
Despite a severe shortage of infrastructure, South Asia is the fastest growing region in the world. This working paper argues that this trend cannot continue.
Enabling Smart Urban Redevelopment in India through Floor Area Ratio Incentives
Urbanization in India is expected to peak in 2050. The Smart Cities Mission was launched in 2015 to transform and improve livability in urban areas in the country.
Closing the Financing Gap in Asian Infrastructure
ADB in 2017 estimated a financing gap in economic infrastructure of $459 billion per year for Asia. The gap almost doubles to $907 billion with the expected need for funding of social infrastructure.
Trade Costs, Time, and Supply Chain Reliability
South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation countries have to invest in improving connectivity to reduce transport times and increase reliability to major markets.
Trade Facilitation and Innovation: Evidence from South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Countries
South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation countries can improve their trade facilitation performances as a way to promote innovation. Shorter trade times encourage the introduction of new projects and management systems at firm levels.
Catalyzing Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Venture Capital in Sri Lanka
The ability of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to establish themselves and scale their operations is integral to Sri Lanka achieving equitable economic growth. Access of SMEs to equity or risk capital has to be improved.