Sustainable Development Working Papers
The Sustainable Development Working Papers highlight successful projects and good practices to promote quality, knowledge, and innovation for sustainable development within the ADB recipient countries.
Building Development Effectiveness Post-2015: A Results-Based Approach
A possible framework for the post-2015 development agenda should have well-being for all at its center and be founded on a results-based approach.
Climate Change and Price Volatility: Can We Count on the ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve?
On 12 July 2012, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Plus Three intergovernmental agreement establishing the ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve (APTERR) entered into force. In this paper, lead author Roehlano Briones, a senior research fellow at the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, assesses the effectiveness of APTERR as a mechanism for addressing food security in light of the rising challenges of climate change and price volatility.
ASEAN and Global Rice Situation and Outlook
Member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) play a major role in the global rice market. In this paper, lead author Eric Wailes, agricultural economics and agribusiness professor at the University of Arkansas, presents the current and projected status of the rice economies in ASEAN countries until 2022. The baseline situation of the rice market is generated using the Arkansas Global Rice Model, a multi-country statistical simulation.
Commodities Exchange: Options for Addressing Price Risk and Price Volatility in Rice
In this paper, Framroze Pochara, a capital markets veteran with over 25 years of experience in the industry, takes off from the differing views of two prominent authorities about rice futures in the Association of Southeast Nations (ASEAN) and tackles various options at the country and regional levels to foster price discovery and price risk management.
Enhancing ASEAN's Resiliency to Extreme Rice Price Volatility
Rice crises involve sharp changes in prices that cause substantial adjustment costs in the economy, including financial losses and hunger. In this paper, University of the Philippines School of Economics Dean Ramon Clarete assesses the capacity of member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to avoid or mitigate the risk of extreme swings in rice prices. Using the Riceflow model, the impact on ASEAN countries of a possible decline of rice outputs in the People's Republic of China and India is simulated.
Comparative Analysis and Policy Study on Residential Electricity Bills in Selected ADB Member Countries
Electricity is a public necessity for a modern society, and electricity consumption grows more rapidly than consumption of other types of commercial energy as a society increases in affluence. This working paper intends to make a comprehensive comparison of electrical bills of residential consumers among ADB member countries and uncover what tariff structure and policies ADB member countries adopted to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency among end users.
Subnational Finance for Infrastructure: Potential Roles and Opportunities for ADB
This paper discusses how governments can be more effective in using their relatively scarce resources to leverage more private sector financing become increasingly central to the provision of urban infrastructure.
Prefeasibility Study of an ASEAN Rice Futures Market
In this paper, Andrew McKenzie looks into the economic benefits and limitations of rice futures market in stabilizing prices across multiple years or seasons. He identifies several important cash market characteristics needed to promote the success of a futures contract, namely, adequate cash price volatility, a large competitive and well-defined underlying cash market that lends itself to standardization, minimal government intervention in the underlying cash market, and free flow of public information.
Regional Cooperation for Food Security: The Case of Emergency Rice Reserves in the ASEAN Plus Three
After the food price crisis in 2008, interest in international emergency food reserves has been revived worldwide. This paper presents the rationale for an international emergency food reserve, its role in mitigating food security risk in relation to alternative instruments, and its complementarity with normal international food trade.
Walkability and Pedestrian Facilities in Asian Cities State and Issues
Asian cities, traditionally cities of walkers, are now experiencing exponential increase in motorization, which has limited the attention given to pedestrian and public transport facilities. A change in focus that will allow people, not vehicles, to reclaim the urban environment is required. The study provides information on the current pedestrian infrastructure in selected cities that can be used to develop and propose pedestrian-focused solutions for Asian cities.