Sustainable Development Working Papers
The Sustainable Development Working Papers highlight successful projects and good practices to promote quality, knowledge, and innovation for sustainable development within the ADB recipient countries.
Earthquake Risk and Earthquake Catastrophe Insurance for the People's Republic of China
This paper discusses historical earthquakes and earthquake risk in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the recent developments of its earthquake risk reduction efforts. The general principles of earthquake programs are explained and the critical issues of formulating earthquake programs in the PRC are discussed, including lessons from earthquake insurance in other countries and other catastrophe insurance in the PRC, data issues, loss risk modeling issues, financial risk modeling issues, legislative issues, and public awareness issues.
Why is Access to Basic Services Not Inclusive? A Synthesis with a Special Focus on Developing Asia
Despite increased supply of basic services in developing Asia and beyond, evidence show that the poor failed to gain sufficiently from such increases.
Is Flood Insurance Feasible? Experiences from the People's Republic of China
Flood insurance, a component of catastrophe insurance, is universally available in only a few countries. In many countries, it is available in a restricted form and its conditions vary greatly. Coverage is usually denied to those regarded as relatively high risk for flooding. This working paper analyzes the feasibility of providing flood insurance vis-à-vis the experience in the People's Republic of China.
Financing Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Role of Regional Financing Arrangements
The financing needs of climate change mitigation and adaptation are uncertain and large. In response, an extensive architecture of financing for climate change mitigation and adaptation has started to develop around the world. Is there a role for a regional approach in this developing financing architecture?
Governance and Sustainable Development: The Asian Development Bank Perspective
Improving governance and reducing vulnerability to corruption are core development challenges. Development is essentially about reducing poverty, and there is clear evidence that the poor are the most vulnerable to corruption and suffer the most from the impacts of poor governance and weakly performing institutions. This paper presents a brief overview of the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) recent experience in supporting the efforts of countries in the Asia and Pacific region as they work to strengthen governance.
The World Bank's New Poverty Data: Implications for the Asian Development Bank
In October 2008 the World Bank released new poverty counts based on the most recent purchasing power parity estimates. The new data show that the number of poor in Asia and the Pacific is more than one third higher than earlier estimated This publication explains the methodology behind the new poverty estimates, highlights country specifics on extreme poverty and vulnerability, makes poverty projections through 2020 for the Asia and Pacific region based on pro-poor and pro-rich distribution as well as new growth scenarios, and discusses implications for the Asian Development Bank.
How the People's Republic of China is Pursuing Energy Efficiency Initiatives: A Case Study
The Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) has been paying increasing attention to enhancing energy efficiency, especially in the wake of rapid expansion of power-generating capacity in recent years. The existing even-load power generation scheduling regime, however, fails to contribute toward the objective of energy efficiency in power generation and is now regarded as a major cause of energy inefficiency and environmental problems.