Skills and Activity Upgrading in Global Value Chains: Trends and Drivers for Asia | Asian Development Bank

Skills and Activity Upgrading in Global Value Chains: Trends and Drivers for Asia

Publication | August 2016
Skills and Activity Upgrading in Global Value Chains: Trends and Drivers for Asia

Findings suggest that technological change in global value chains that is biased toward skilled activities is important in accounting for the trends observed.

This paper examines the main trends and drivers of upgrading by Asian countries in global value chains using the newly constructed ADB multiregion input–output tables in combination with occupation data.

Our results suggest an ongoing specialization process in high-income Asian countries and in developing member countries toward high-skilled knowledge-intensive activities. The pace of upgrading differs across Asian countries. We use a structural decomposition method to account for the drivers of the trends observed. In particular, technological change in global value chains that is biased toward skilled activities is important in accounting for the trends observed.

Contents 

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Jobs in Global Value Chains: Concept, Data, and Examples
  • Main Trends in Skill and Activity Upgrading
  • Accounting for the Drivers of Changes in Jobs by Skill and Activity Across Asian Countries
  • Main Drivers of Skill and Activity Upgrading
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Appendix
  • References