Special Economic Zones in the Indonesia–Malaysia–Thailand Growth Triangle: Opportunities for Collaboration
This publication explains why Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand need to ramp up cooperation to boost their special economic zones (SEZ) and spur sustainable growth.
Mapping out and assessing the economic performance of SEZs across the subregion, the publication highlights the threats they face from digital technologies, rising competition for foreign investment and international trade standoffs. Against the backdrop of COVID-19, it details a range of practical steps designed to increase trade, create jobs, and build economic resilience across the three countries.
- Executive Summary
- Understanding the Concept of Economic Zones: The Conceptual Framework
- General Economic Zones and Special Economic Zones in IMT-GT Countries
- Legal and Institutional Framework of General Economic Zones and Special Economic Zones
- Special Economic Zones and General Economic Zones in IMT-GT Corridors
- Assessing the Alignment of Broader National Policies and Strategies with the IMT-GT Approaches
- Economic Zones as Engine of Subregional Growth: Importance and Challenges
- The Proposed Strategic Approach to the Subregional Economic Zones: The Coopetition Strategy
- Adoption of the Proposed Strategic Interventions and Enabling Actions into the IMT-GT Agenda and National Planning
- The Implementation Strategy