Stakeholder Engagement in Preparing Investment Plans for the Climate Investment Funds: Case Studies from Asia
This second edition uses a case study approach to examine how stakeholder engagement was carried out in the preparation of investment plans in Cambodia, Indonesia, Nepal, and the Philippines.
In 2008 the multilateral development banks and a group of donor countries developed the concept of climate investment funds providing support to developing countries to initiate transformational change toward low-carbon and climate-resilient development.
The first step in gaining access to funding is the preparation of a country investment plan, i.e., a multiyear proposal identifying how climate investment funds resources together with cofinancing will support the country's existing development strategies.
This second edition of the study, which is part of a wider review of climate investment funds experiences in ADB, uses a case study approach to examine how stakeholder engagement was carried out in the preparation of investment plans in Cambodia, Indonesia, Nepal, and the Philippines, with reference to the guidance provided by ADB and climate investment funds in stakeholder participation. The general recommendations are as follows:
- The mission approach to preparing climate investment funds investment plans should include more effective use of consultation plans and communication strategies, in line with multilateral development banks' good practice;
- The roles of multilateral development banks and government should be clarified and shared with stakeholders early in the process, and strategies for addressing barriers to government leadership developed;
- The expected or required minimum level of consultation for the preparation of investment plans should be clearly stated in the relevant climate investment funds documents or a separate specific guidance document on consultation should be prepared for climate investment funds investment plans;
- Guidance should be provided to ensure the inclusivity of consultations, particularly in identifying resource-efficient ways of engaging with stakeholders at the subnational level; and
- Stakeholder analysis and consultation planning should aim to establish the effective and productive involvement of civil society in investment plan preparation from the start.
Since the inception of the climate investment funds, ADB has participated in the preparation of 15 investment plans covering the two main climate investment funds, the Clean Technology Fund and the Strategic Climate Fund. The Strategic Climate Fund comprises three separate programs - the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience, the Scaling Up Renewable Energy Program, and the Forest Investment Program.
- Executive Summary
- Case Study Findings