Strategic Environmental Assessment in the Greater Mekong Subregion | Asian Development Bank

Strategic Environmental Assessment in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Publication | April 2015
Strategic Environmental Assessment in the Greater Mekong Subregion

The Greater Mekong Subregion is one of the world's fastest growing regions. However, the rapid pace of economic development, and reliance on natural resources, has been accompanied by considerable environmental damage. 

This publication promotes the value of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) to assist GMS decision makers to more effectively balance economic, social, and environmental considerations early in development planning processes. It draws on lessons from the GMS Core Environment Program’s experience applying SEA for energy, land use, and subregional strategic planning processes

Key Messages

 
  • SEA improves the performance and efficiency of policy and planning by minimizing adverse impacts on environment and society.
  • Helps to avoid costly mistakes and missed opportunities caused by inadequate information about impacts and trade-offs.
  • Provides a framework for project-level assessment and coordination, in particular to understand cumulative impacts and reduce duplication.
  • Builds consensus and public trust through its multistakeholder and participatory focus.