Summary of Indonesia's Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment Sector Assessment

Publication | October 2015

Indonesia is a net importer of grains, horticulture and livestock produce. The instability of food prices since 2008 has led to a renewed emphasis on food security. 

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Despite increasing food crop production, food security is challenged in the medium term by declining irrigation and logistics chain infrastructure. Food security would also be enhanced through an increase of higher value cropping, greater commercialization, and allowing land leasing to gain economies of scale in farm sizes, and facilitating re-investment by small farmers.

The government of Indonesia’s 2015–2019 National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) highlights two distinct roles of the agriculture sector which are to (i) increase rice production for food security, and (ii) develop higher value cropping to improve rural livelihoods.

About ADB Papers on Indonesia

The ADB Papers on Indonesia are designed to provide information, analysis, and advice on issues of interest to Indonesia's development stakeholders. The series is produced by sector experts and maintained by the ADB Indonesia Resident Mission.

Additional Details

  • Agriculture and natural resources
  • Agricultural and food productivity
  • Climate resilience and environmental sustainability
  • Environment
  • Natural resources conservation
  • Indonesia

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