Summary of Indonesia's Education Sector Assessment

Publication | October 2015

The Indonesian school system is one of the largest and most diverse in the world, with more than 50 million students, 4 million teachers and more than 250,000 schools.

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Over the past 15 years, the government has introduced a series of reforms aimed at improving the performance of the education system. These include decentralization to local governments of responsibility for the delivery of basic education in 2001, 9-year compulsory education in 2003, the teacher law of 2005, the introduction of school operational assistance in 2005, and passage of a constitutional requirement to devote 20% of the national budget to education in 2009.

About ADB Papers on Indonesia

The ADB Papers on Indonesia are designed to provide information, analysis, and advice on issues of interest to Indonesia's development stakeholders. The series is produced by sector experts and maintained by the ADB Indonesia Resident Mission.

Additional Details

  • Education
  • Education sector development
  • Indonesia


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