Support to Rural Pension Reform and Administration in the People's Republic of China | Asian Development Bank

Support to Rural Pension Reform and Administration in the People's Republic of China

Publication | December 2014
Support to Rural Pension Reform and Administration in the People's Republic of China

In 2009, over 55% of the People’s Republic of China’s population were rural residents, and almost two-thirds of the workforce was employed in rural areas. However, only around 10% of them were covered by rural pension schemes.

The PRC central government introduced a new rural pension scheme in 2009 to improve old-age income security in 10% of counties within the PRC. This social protection brief provides key results and recommendations from ADB technical assistance for a rural pension reform study, and capacity development to support rural pension administration conducted under two ADB technical assistance projects.

Key Points

  • Critical factors for the successful establishment of a rural pension system in the PRC include sufficient number of public servants for rural pension services, capacity building, better operational standards and performance measurement, monitoring, and quality control. 
  • The strength of local operational management is also crucial for rural pension schemes service delivery.