Taking Education to the Next Level: What Can Be Learned from Benchmarking Education across Economies?

Publication | March 2020

This paper provides new evidence on the types of inputs that matter to improving educational outcomes. Data from across 69 economies were gathered using a scoring system that attempts to capture quality dimensions.

Data presented in this paper were based on average test scores of 69 economies on the Programme for International Student Assessment or Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study. The authors found that only six indicators matter to improved learning outcomes: gross enrolment in secondary school; targeted public information that reveals student gaps; strategic budgeting that provides programs for at-risk students; teacher quality; information collection that enables timely, data-driven decision-making; and curriculum content that is matched to student skills.


  • Introduction
  • Existing Benchmarking Exercises
  • Questionnaire Structure and Design
  • Construction of Composite Education Indexes
  • Learning Outcomes and Other Control Variables
  • Relating Education Systems to Education Outcomes
  • Results
  • Conclusions and Policy Implications

Additional Details

  • Education
  • Education sector development
  • Secondary Education
  • Technical and vocational education and training
  • 36
  • 8.5 x 11
  • WPS200059-2
  • 2313-6537 (print)
  • 2313-6545 (electronic)

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