Attraction or Repulsion? Testing Coagglomeration of Innovation between Firm and University
This paper identifies the extent of how universities are attracted by firms in patents production. The findings are based on a large patent dataset from Shenzhen, the first innovation-led city in the People’s Republic of China.
Through a spatial point process analysis technique, the authors found varying attraction and repulsion distances between the same type of innovative units and across university-firm innovation pairs. Attractions are shown within identical technology fields and across different technology fields. Weak support is offered to the integration of firms into the university-led innovation clusters in science parks. Firm innovations in the technological fields like human necessities, physics, and electrical should deserve more policy attention.
- Background and Literature
- Policy Implications