Toward a National Eco-Compensation Regulation in the People’s Republic of China

Publication | November 2016

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) practices “eco-compensation” to promote environmental protection and restoration. This study examines the theory, practice, and legislation governing this in selected ecological areas.

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ADB and the National Development and Reform Commission of the PRC undertook a study on eco-compensation regulations development in the country. The study examined the PRC’s theory, practice, and legislation governing eco-compensation in selected ecological areas to map out the scope and content of a national eco-compensation regulation. Pursuit of its higher agenda of ecological civilization and development of its national eco-compensation regulation will require the PRC to capture the diversity that subnational projects have tapped, integrate its experience with eco-compensation at all levels of government into a coherent national regulatory framework, and harmonize this framework with existing laws and other legal instruments.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Eco-Compensation in the People’s Republic of China
  • The Road to a National Eco-Compensation Regulation
  • Interregional Eco-Compensation
  • Watershed Eco-Compensation
  • Forest Eco-Compensation
  • Grassland Eco-Compensation
  • Wetland Eco-Compensation
  • Marine Area Eco-Compensation
  • Mineral Resources Eco-Compensation
  • Toward a National
  • Eco-Compensation Regulation for the People’s Republic of China
  • Conclusion
  • Additional Bibliography

Additional Details

  • Environment
  • Environmental policy and legislation
  • Governance and public sector management
  • Public administration, economic affairs, and policy
  • China, People's Republic of
  • 96
  • 8.5 x 11
  • RPT168529-2
  • 978-92-9257-655-4 (print)
  • 978-92-9257-656-1 (electronic)

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