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Unlocking Indonesia's Geothermal Potential

Publication | April 2015
Unlocking Indonesia's Geothermal Potential

This report produced jointly by the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank is based on a series of technical assistance activities conducted during 2013-2014.

The study documents key issues that have constrained the development of Indonesia's geothermal power development sector, including tariffs, tendering processes, financial considerations, permitting, and inter-agency coordination. The report then makes a set of comprehensive recommendations to unlock the potential of the sector, including a new tariff regime, improvements to the tendering process, re-negotiation of power purchase agreements, and innovative modes of financing and project de-risking.


  • List of Tables, Figures, and Boxes
  • List of Stakeholder Comments
  • Abbreviations
  • Currency and Units
  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgments
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Tariff Design
  • Implementation Issues and Procedures
  • Tariff Ceilings Based on Benefits
  • Power Purchase Agreements
  • Recovery of Incremental Costs
  • Tendering
  • The Tariff Impacts of Front-End De-risking
  • Institutional and Financing Issues
  • Unlocking the Sector: Study Team Recommendations
  • Appendixes