Urban Sector Inclusion in the Revised Nationally Determined Contributions of Pakistan
Urban areas account for more than 70% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These come from the cities’ energy use, transport, industries, and agriculture. Nationally Determined Contributions pave the way for adaptation and mitigation measures to address GHG emissions in urban areas. Policy options include benchmarking and measurement studies, strategic environmental assessment, comprehensive city planning, green infrastructure, investing in cleaner and efficient technologies, and encouraging urban agriculture and lifestyle change, among others. Adopting sustainable and climate-responsive policies entails addressing institutional challenges in improving policy implementation at the local level.